Do you feel itchy all the item and notice ugly, swollen patches on your skin? You may be suffering from atopic dermatitis or eczema.

Eczema is a group of chronic skin disorders that appears from time to time. Unless you take good care of your skin, the problem will only increase with time. If the problem prevails despite taking the self-care measures, you should visit a doctor who provides dermatology services at your earliest.People of all ages can face this health problem.

Symptoms of Eczema

Eczema is a prevalent problem that affects around 31.6 million people in the US alone. The problem can appear anytime after turning 5 years of age. Even if you treat this condition in your childhood, your skin may still be sensitive later on.Eczema can affect different areas of your skin. Here’s how you can determine whether you’re facing this health issue:

  • Bumpy rashes on scalp, wrists, elbows, knees, ankles, cheeks, nape and around the eyes
  • Dry, thick, and cracked skin
  • Skin infections
  • Severe itching that usually intensifies at night
  • Skin becomes raw and sensitive due to constant scratching
  • Leaking fluids from rashes on skin
  • You may be unable to fall asleep or stay asleep due to itchiness
  • If rashes aren’t taken care of, they may develop a permanent itch and knots due to lichenification

Causes of Eczema

There’s no definitive known cause of eczema as for today. However, be aware it’s not a contagious disorder. So, even if you come in contact with a person who is suffering from eczema, you don’t need to worry about catching this disease. Here are some potential causes of eczema:

  • Genetic disorders
  • Polluted environment
  • Weak or abnormal immune system
  • Defected skin barriers due to which moisture can leak out and germs can get in
  • Activities that damage skin

How to Controlthe Symptoms of Eczema

Many people try to treat eczema on their own. However, it’s not a safe practice in any way. You may end up further damaging your skin and intensify the problem. So, it’s your best bet to visit a dermatologist in order to ward off this skin problem. Furthermore, you should refrain from scratching your skin no matter how intense the temptation. Also, stay away from activities that may increase the symptoms of eczema.

Skin dryness is a common side-effect of eczema. Therefore, you should try to keep your skin moist.Try not to take baths longer than 15 minutes, since it may worsen the problem. Prefer warm water over hot bath water for your own good.Also, use mild soaps instead of antibacterial soaps to retain natural moisture in skin.

All in all,eczema is a chronic disease that you can’t cure but control its symptoms. So, take good care of your skin and protect it from germs. As soon as the symptoms of eczema appear, visit your primary care doctor or a dermatologist. They’ll suggest the right treatment method for your problem.